Research by Clarion Security Systems estimates that there are over 942,562 CCTV Cameras in London, meaning there is 1 CCTV camera for every 10 people in the capital. You are likely to be captured on London CCTV up to 70 times per day. (2022)
London is home to over 9,425,622 residents and there are numerous sources of data on the internet about the London CCTV camera numbers. We have performed freedom of information requests to ascertain the exact numbers of CCTV systems in operation by the London boroughs, the Metropolitan Police and Transport for London.
From research and widely circulated figures, we can state that London is one of the most heavily monitored cities in the world, and rightly so. The threat of terrorism is constant and CCTV helps mitigate this by providing surveillance 365 days a year to counter this threat.
There is no legislation that states that homeowners and businesses need to register CCTV cameras with a government body, so any figure, when looking to answer “How many CCTV cameras are there in London?” is based on a ‘guesstimate.’ However we have used Freedom Of Information requests and other in-depth research to come to a conclusion that helps us provide an educated estimate.
Research by Clarion Security Systems estimates that there are over 942,562 CCTV Cameras in London’s 607 square miles, equating to 1552.82 CCTV cameras per square mile. (2022)
The numbers of CCTV cameras in London vary and the data is often based on old estimates or research. One that is often cited is that of a 2002 survey by Michael McCahill and Clive Norris which cited 500,000 CCTV cameras in London. This figure is widely disputed based on the fact that McCahill and Norris used a small sample size to come up with their figures. Couple this with the fact that this number is from 2002 when the population was 7,376,671.
How many times is an average Londoner caught on CCTV?
An often-cited figure of 300 times a day is usually used and is based on the idea that you will visit all of the known CCTV hotspots. This figure was calculated to be too high and is more than likely to be around 70 times per day.
How many government cameras are there in London?
The information we have is based on freedom of information requests. The 34 London boroughs have over 20,873 CCTV cameras in operation.
We have also used a survey which shows London CCTV camera numbers in 2012 in order to compare the growth/decline.
Research by Clarion Security Systems estimates that the amount of London Borough controlled CCTV cameras has risen from 7,911 (2012) to 20,873 (2022). An increase of 238.16% over the last 10 years.
How Many CCTV Cameras are in London Boroughs / Towns? (2012 – 2022)
|Borough||Total Cameras (2012)||Total Cameras (2022)||% Increase/Decrease|
|CCTV Barking and Dagenham||115||728||533% increase|
|CCTV Barnet||141||473||235.46% increase|
|CCTV Bexley||247||225||8.9% decrease|
|CCTV Brent||215||191||11.16% decrease|
|CCTV Bromley||170||187||10% increase|
|CCTV Camden||794||172||78.33% decrease|
|CCTV City of London||649||1,100||69.49% increase|
|CCTV Croydon||84||106||26.19 % increase|
|CCTV Ealing||392||682||73.98% increase|
|CCTV Enfield||169||1,053||523.1% increase|
|CCTV Greenwich||173||734||324.3% increase|
|CCTV Hammersmith and Fulham||452||1,852||309.7% increase|
|CCTV Haringey||102||276||170.6% increase|
|CCTV Harrow||130||116||10.77% decrease|
|CCTV Havering||86||405||371% increase|
|CCTV Hillingdon||722||2,328||222.4% increase|
|CCTV Kensington and Chelsea||58||809||1294.83% increase|
|CCTV Kingston upon Thames||120||627||422.5% increase|
|CCTV Lambeth||348||479||37.64% increase|
|CCTV Lewisham||170||225||32.35% increase|
|CCTV Merton||150||214||42.67% increase|
|CCTV Newham||226||341||50.89% increase|
|CCTV Redbridge||239||592||147.7% increase|
|CCTV Richmond upon Thames||78||80||2.56% increase|
|CCTV Southwark||164||501||205.5% increase|
|CCTV Sutton||85||498||485.88% increase|
|CCTV Tower Hamlets||280||350||25% increase|
|CCTV Waltham Forest||71||850||1097.18% increase|
|CCTV Wandsworth||1,158||1,252||8.12% increase|
|CCTV Westminster||153||632||313.1% increase|
How many household and business CCTV cameras are there in London?
Although finding public-operated CCTV cameras is easy to research, finding out the numbers of household and business CCTV cameras in London is a harder task. A widely cited report is from the British Security Industry Association, which was released in 2015. The numbers used here do not give a precise figure for London, but they do provide useful information on the number of private cameras in operation compared to that of public-operated CCTV cameras. The study estimated that across the entire UK private CCTV cameras could outnumber public CCTV cameras by as much as 70 to 1.
As London is one of the most surveilled cities in the world we would estimate that London is at the high end of this number. If public cameras in London stand at 63,449 then this would give us a figure of 4,441,430 CCTV cameras in London. This figure seems quite high when the British Security Industry Association study estimated that there were between 4.1 million and just over 5.9 million cameras nationwide in 2015.
The report also estimated that there would be 1 CCTV camera for every 14 people, and in the busiest of areas, this would rise to 1 in 11 people. Although parts of London are incredibly busy, it is also made up of suburbs where CCTV camera usage may be lower. London is home to over 1,000,000 businesses and approximately 3.59 million houses.
How many CCTV cameras are there in London?
With the large upturn in CCTV installations in homes across the UK during the Covid pandemic, we can confidently estimate that CCTV installations increased during this period, and over 7 years have passed since the 1 CCTV camera for every 14 people figured cited in the British Security Industry Association report, we would estimate that this is now at 1 CCTV camera for every 10 people, this would give us a figure of 942,562 CCTV cameras in London.
We can expect the number of CCTV cameras in London to pass 1,000,000 by 2023.
What Has Caused This Growth?
The growth of CCTV cameras in London is because of the efficiency of CCTV cameras and the growing security concerns within the capital. But CCTV cameras help public bodies detect and deter crime on a daily basis—only if they are used properly, of course. In 2010 The Met police said that CCTV helped solve ‘Six crimes a day’. This means that they need to be:
– Installed legally and operated by trained personal
– Located in areas that make them visible, without them being in easy reach of vandals who may look to tamper with them
– Correctly specified and installed by trained personnel, especially when they potentially need to be used for evidential purposes.
CCTV camera numbers will continue to rise whilst security threats are prevalent and would-be criminals look to break into business premises or homes.
How many CCTV cameras are on the London Underground?
Transport for London (TfL) operates 15,576 cameras on the London underground. This is up from 6500 cameras operated by TFL in 2003. A 139.63% increase.
How many CCTV cameras do the Met (Metropolitan) Police operate in London?
The Metropolitan Police own about 3000 cameras attached to the outside of their buildings, but most street cameras are owned and operated by local councils and TfL. They also operate over 24,000 body-worn cameras.
|Metropolitan Police (3,000 CCTV cameras on the side of buildings and 24,000 body-worn CCTV cameras).||27000|
Last reviewed: June 2022 | Contains public sector information licensed under the Open Government Licence v3.0. It was produced as a guide for CCTV numbers in London. Clarion offers a range of commercial security systems, commercial CCTV, access control solutions and commercial alarms for clients in Manchester, the North West and across the UK. If you are looking for CCTV Numbers In The UK, please see the article below.
How Many CCTV Cameras are in the UK?
Research by Clarion Security Systems estimates that there are over 7,371,903 CCTV cameras in the UK, meaning there is 1 CCTV camera for every 11 people in the UK. You are likely to be captured on UK CCTV up to 70 times per day. (2022)
Depending on which website you visit, the number of CCTV cameras in the UK varies. According to a 2013 report by the British Security Industry Association (BSIA), there are between 4 and 5.9 million cameras in the UK. This provided a very broad estimate, and the figure is now nearly a decade old.
We thought we’d look into these figures to get a more concrete estimate of current CCTV numbers in the UK, given the rise of home CCTV cameras, doorbell cameras, council investment in CCTV systems, and more commercial CCTV systems being installed.
We estimated 942,562 CCTV cameras in London in our resource above about CCTV numbers in London. This was based on a population of 9,425,622 million people in London.
UK Population Numbers
According to Office for National Statistics, Scotland’s population in 2022 is estimated to be 5.51 million, in England and Wales (in 2021) this was 59,597,300 (56,489,800 in England and 3,107,500 in Wales) and Northern Ireland’s population in 2022 is estimated to be 1.91 million, totalling 67,017,300 million people in the UK.
According to the BSIA report, there will be one CCTV camera for every 14 people, with one camera for every 11 people in the busiest areas.
With the substantial growth in CCTV numbers at residential addresses, as well as the increase in commercial CCTV and council-owned CCTV systems, we can estimate that there will be 1 CCTV camera for every 11 people in the UK.
This would indicate that the UK has over 7,371,903 CCTV cameras.